Hare Krishna Prabhus and Vaishnavis!
This is the Introduction to Bhagavad Gita by His Divine Grace A.C. Bhativedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada summarised and presented by Dharmavira das on August 13th 2016, at Radha kunda, India.
This is part 1 of the series of lectures given from Bhagavad gita as it is.
Srila Prabhupada mentions that the are many transalations of Bhagavad gita but none of them touch the spirit of Bhagavad gita and the spirit of Bhagavad gita is in Bhagavad gita itself. In almost every commentary the author has expressed his opinions without touching the spirit of Bhagavad gita as it is.
It is like this – if we want to take a particular medicine, then we must follow the instructions written on the label. We cannot take the medicine according to the direction of a friend. Similiarly Bhagavad gita should be accepted as it is directed by the speaker Himself, Shree Krishna.
Krishna is mentioned in every page of the Bhagavad gita as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. This is confirmed by all great acharyas of India like Madhavacarya, Ramunujacharya, Shankaracarya, Nimbarka Swami and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and many other Vedic authoritires.
The Lord also establishes himself as the Supreme Personality of Godhead in the Bhagavad gita and he is accepted as such in the Brahma samhita and in the Puranas, especially Bhavagavata purana.
“Kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam” [Srimad-bhagavatam 1.3.28]
Therefore we should accept Bhagavad gita as directed by Shree Krishna.
Krishna in the fourth chapter on the gita says – That He first spoke Bhagavad gita to the Sun god and the Sun god explained to Manu the father of mankind and Manu explained it to his son Iksvaku and in this way this knowledge is coming down in disciplic succession from one speaker to another.
But in the course of time this knowledge has become lost and now he is speaking this knowledge to Arjuna in the Gita. Krishna tells Arjuna that he is His devotee and His friend, therefore He is speaking Bhagavad gita to him. From this we can understand that Bhagavad gita is meant for the devotees of the Lord.
As soon as one becomes a devotee of the Lord he can serve the Lord in different moods. For example Arjuna served Krishna as a friend and mother Yashoda served Krishna as his mother.
Every living being has a particular relationship with the Lord eternally which is one’s constitutional position. By the process of devotional service one can revive this relationship and attain perfection.
Unless one reads Bhagavad gita with a submissive spirit, it would be impossible to understand this great mystery.
The purpose of Bhagavad gita is to deliver mankind from the illusion of material existence. Unless one is awakened to the question of “who am I?” and “why am I suffering?” one is not considered a perfect human being.
The subject of Bhagavad gita entails the comprehension of five basic truths. The five basic truths are the Supreme Controller, the living entity, material nature, karma and time. Out of this five, the Lord, the living entity and time are eternal.
When we are materially contaminated we are are called conditioned souls and Bhagavad gita was spoken to liberate one from the bodily conception of life and to awaken one’s pure consciousness. Purified consciousness means acting according to the instructions of the Lord. This is the sum and substance of purified consciousness. In pure consciousness our actions will be dovetailed to the will of the lord and that will make us happy. It is not that we have to cease our activities but our activities are to be purified and purified activities is called bhakti. Material consciousness has two psychic divisions. One is “I am the creator” and the other is “I am the enjoyer”.
Hare Krishna Prabhus and Vaisnavis! Thank you for listening.
Please listen to my other lectures on YouTube and the links are provided.
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